Kidney Facts

Did you know?

  • Each of our 2 kidneys is about 4.5 inches long and weighs about 5 ounces
  • Each day, our kidneys filter about 50 gallons of blood through their 140 miles of tubes
  • Our total blood supply is filtered by our kidneys about once every 5 minutes

These powerful organs:

  • Filter waste and toxins from the blood
  • Help manage electrolyte levels in the blood and regulate fluid levels
  • Play a role in regulating blood pressure
  • Play a role in stimulating the production of red blood cells
  • Activate Vitamin D in the body

Also, kidneys:

  • Are about the size of a fist and are shaped like beans
  • Are found near the mid-back on either side of the spine
  • Contain between 1-2 million tiny filters called nephrons
  • Can continue to work even at highly-reduced capacity

Kidney disease is a leading cause of death in the U.S.:

  • Nearly 31 million Americans suffer from kidney disease
  • Family history and being 60+ are risk factors for kidney disease
  • High blood pressure and diabetes can lead to kidney damage
  • Kidney stones account for 500,000 emergency room visits annually
  • Dialysis or transplantation is required in the event of kidney failure

Kidneys can be kept healthy by:

  • Maintaining a recommended blood pressure
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Controlling your blood glucose level
  • Managing your cholesterol levels
  • Reducing your sodium intake
  • Remaining hydrated
  • Eating heart-healthy foods
  • Limiting your alcohol intake
  • Quitting smoking
  • Taking medication as prescribed
  • Visiting your doctor for regular check-ups